Fernando Henrique Cardoso on the Brazilian Nuclear Program

Fernando Henrique Cardoso, president of Brazil, 1995-2003


Former President Fernando Henrique Cardoso of Brazil talks about Brazil's decision to discontinue its nuclear weapons program and chides the nuclear powers for failing to abide by Article 6 of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT). Article 6 requires nuclear states to work towards nuclear disarmament. 

  • Can and should nuclear states get to "zero" or close to zero? How close? 
  • Is the NPT weakened by non-compliance? I.e., can the NPT serve as an instrument to manage the proliferation of nuclear weapons when the nuclear powers feel little urgency to comply with Article 6?

While he was at Brown, Cardoso also worked on a curriculum resource for high school classrooms, Brazil: From Colony to Democracy, an exploration of Brazil's transition to democracy in the 1980s.