Ethnic Jurisdiction in Mexico Regarding the General Subject of Inequality in Latin America II

Continuing with our conversation, we must say that there have been continuos efforts of integration of these communities, as well as multiple support programs: FONART is a public trust fund that depends of the Secretary of Social Development (SEDESOL); this trust fund is dedicated to find authentic art work from the different communities that integrate Mexico´s diverse ethnic composition. Thru this program, original artistic pieces are bought at a “fair trade” rate, and sold in touristic sites, directly supporting and financing ethnic artwork. http://www.fonart.gob.mx As such, notwithstanding the government´s effort, active discrimination is still an issue, not only towards this communities, but amongst themselves as well. There are several documented cases in which, under legal gaps in their autonomous regulations, members of this ethnic groups actively violate human rights, especially towards women. To this effect, we suggest reading the following article, by Lourdes Pacheco Ladrón de Guevara: http://redalyc.uaemex.mx/pdf/884/88411126007.pdf We must also say that, in spite of the constitutional protection this communities are granted, they, as a collective being, have been inserted by force in the national economic dynamic, entering in the lowest level of the productive chain and being exploited as a workforce in manny cases. This has led to several social movements, some of which have legitimate demands and some that don´t. In tomorrows article, we will discuss some of this movements, particularly the armed movement that gave birth to the Ejército Zapatista de Liberación Nacional (EZLN) and its consequences and impact in the economic and social agenda of Presidents Ernesto Zedillo and Vicente Fox´s governments. P.S (as in “post scriptum”) This articles are intended to give some insight in the attempt to answer the question stated in yesterdays story. Botines MX